Mr. M’s Lost Sample: Pure Gold

Pure Gold was one of the early samples that Mr. M collected on his trips through the Crystal Cave. When he and Max hopped into the cave aiming for the California Gold Rush they never realized how hard it would be to collect a nice, large sample of solid gold. During the Gold Rush, the gold that the miners found in California was mostly in the form of chips, flakes, and nuggets. These small samples just would not due for Mr. M and his fabulous rock and mineral collection!

When Mr. M and Max traveled in the 1851, they landed in the American South Fork River, just like Emma and Brody on their adventure in Rusher’s Gold. Luckily for Max and Mr. M, no one saw their crash-landing…or so they thought. Rusher was actually standing along the edge of the forest near the bend in the river and saw them fall from the sky with their fluffy white dog, Aspen.

As Max and Mr. M hunted through the river for larger pieces of gold, Rusher confronted them and asked how they fell out of the sky. To their surprise, Rusher believed their explanation about the magical crystal cave and agreed to help them find the samples they wanted for their collection. In Rusher’s Gold, you learn how Rusher helped Mr. M and Max collect their extra-large samples of gold!

Gold Facts

Gold is a precious metal that is only one element, unlike many of Mr. M’s other mineral samples, which are made of more than one element. Gold is considered a native element, a metal, and a mineral.

Properties

  • Color:  Gold
  • Luster:  Metallic
  • Streak:  Gold, Rich Yellow
  • Cleavage:  None
  • Hardness:  2.5 – 3
  • Special Properties: Malleable (can bend easy)

Similar Minerals

Two minerals look very similar to gold at first glance. These minerals are pyrite and chalcopyrite and are often called “Fools Gold” because they look so similar to real gold; however, their properties are very different. The way to tell pyrite and chalcopyrite from real gold is the streak color, weight (specific gravity), and hardness. Real gold has a gold colored streak and is very soft and heavy. Pyrite and chalcopyrite have a greenish-gray streak, are harder than real gold and are lighter in weight. Gold has a higher specific gravity which means that equally sized pieces of gold will be heavier than pyrite and chalcopyrite. In Rusher’s Gold, the kids find that the best gold samples are hidden in piles of useless pyrite. Do you think they will be able to tell the difference and help Mr. M rebuild his collection? Keep reading to find out!

Rusher’s Gold is available everywhere great books are sold. Find your favorite store here: https://www.books2read.com/RushersGold

For fun insight into the Crystal Cave Adventures and to get a copy of the free prequel novella, Viktor’s Ice, join my book club today.

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Crystal Cave Adventures Book #2 Facts: Rusher’s Gold

The Crystal Cave Adventures series is really taking shape with this second book that takes place in California in 1851. The research into the settings and history of the books takes a considerable amount of time, in addition to writing the actual book itself.  The second book, Rusher’s Gold, is set in the California Gold Rush era. Mr. M sends Brody and Emma back to the Gold Rush to find a large, pure chunk of gold to replace the piece that was stolen from his original collection when his home was ransacked in the first book.

Brody and Emma start out alone, with the help of Aspen, of course, but it doesn’t take long before they get themselves into trouble and meet some friendly and not-so-friendly faces. I’m excited about this book and the tidbits of goodies you’ll learn about the California Gold Rush. Here are just a few to get you going:

  • The Gold Rush began in 1848 but many people equate the Gold Rush to 1849, which is when the bulk of the people arrived in California,
  • The first discovery of gold was at Sutter’s Mill near Coloma, California,
  • James Wilson Marshall, found gold flakes in the American River as he worked to build a water-powered saw mill,
  • John Sutter owned the saw mill where Marshall worked,
  • Approximately 2 billion (yes, billion) dollar’s worth of precious metal was recovered during the Gold Rush, and
  • The Gold Rush peaked in 1852.

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The Rockin’ Town of Diamond Falls, West Virginia

Diamond Falls ImageDiamond Falls is a beautiful town in West Virginia nestled in the Allegheny Mountains. This cute town of 65,000 people is home to Brody and Emma. Brody grew up in Diamond Falls, but Emma is new to town. When they are not traveling through time in the Crystal Cave, these two kids love to visit one of the many hot chocolate shops or doughnut shops in town. On hot days, the ice cream and frozen yogurts trucks troll the neighborhoods hoping to find kids willing to spend their dollar bills.

Diamond Falls has no shortage of fun with a water park on one end of town and movie theater on the other. The town planners took the name seriously and patterned all of the roads in a diamond shape because they thought it was funny.

The Crystal Cave is tucked into the forest, past the playground near Mr. M’s house on the eastern side of town. You will learn more about the pretty town of Diamond Falls as you read more in the series. Have questions? Post them below!

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The Geology of the Blue John Cavern

The Geology of the Blue John Cavern

Thousands of years ago, the Blue John Cavern was carved by ancient glacial melt waters that flowed through the Castleton, Derbyshire, England area forming the underground cave system. The geology of the area, while somewhat simple, is very interesting.

The Blue John Cavern is located in the Peak District in England near the town of Castleton, Derbyshire. The area of the cavern is formed within limestone strata that deposited in deep ocean waters millions of years ago. Layers of shale and some gritstone, a type of coarse sandstone common in this area, covered the limestone.BJC Geology Image final

Over time, the layers buckled from folding and faulting. The cavern itself formed when glacial melt waters flowed through the area forming the valleys and seeping into a crack in the limestone strata and dissolving portions of the limestone. As the melt waters dissolved the limestone, underground rivers formed which washed out corridors and large underground rooms which became the network of the Blue John Cavern.

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As You Are Reading Blue John’s Cavern This Map Will Help

Image via Google Earth

Image via Google Earth

One of the reasons that I like to write fiction books that are set in a real place is the research that you can do for the book. Blue John’s Cavern is set in a real town in England. The landmarks that I talk about like Peveril Castle, the town of Castleton, Blue John Cavern, Winnats Pass and Mam Tor all really exist.

Using a real location does present some challenges though. You want to make sure that when you have your characters moving from place to place that they are moving in the correct direction and that you use as much information about the actual landscape that you can find. Now, in my book, Blue John’s Cavern, Emma and Brody ended up in Castleton in the past, 1775 to be exact. Since I didn’t live back then I had to research what the area is like today and make some educated guesses about how the area may have been slightly different over 200 years ago.

To do this type of research, I used Google Earth. It is an amazing tool that you can use to “visit” all over the world. If you use Google Earth, you know what I’m talking about. If you haven’t yet tried the software, I suggest you run over to Google (after you finish reading this post) and download the software. It won’t cost you anything, except hours of fun. The picture above is from Google Earth. I added arrows to some of the locations that I talk about in the book so that you can use the map as you read along to give you a sense of the distances that Brody, Emma, and Max travel during the story.

If you want to grab a full copy of the book you can find Blue John’s Cavern using this link:

https://www.books2read.com/BlueJohnsCavern

Use this link to choose your favorite eBook seller. For print, choose “Kindle” which will take you to the Amazon page where you can purchase the print book. Or, you can buy the print version directly from the Mini Me Geology site!

I’d love to hear what you think about the book and the map in the comments below. And, if you know an awesome place that we should all visit using Google Earth, add that to the comments too!

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There are No Porcupines in England

PORCUPINE – ”’North American Porcupine”’ (”Erethizon dorsatum”) ”’Photographer:”’ unknown, 1987 ”’Source:”’ Yellowstone Digital Slide File, http://www.nps.gov/yell/slidefile/index.htm ”’Permission:”’ ”These images are in the public domain and may be reproduced, free of charge.

When I was writing Blue John’s Cavern I did a lot of research about the area of Castleton, Derbyshire, England. I tend to write on the fly without much pre-planning so as new ideas and scenes popped into my head I found myself performing some follow-up research. There is a scene in the book where Emma has an unfortunate encounter with a hedgehog. Hedgehog? Really? Yup.

Originally, I wrote that she found herself

facing a porcupine, but when I did a little research I found that…THERE ARE NO PORCUPINES IN ENGLAND!

That’s right. I had no idea that England

HEDGEHOG – Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts.

has hedgehogs rather than porcupines. They are fairly similar so the scene in the book work just fine with Mr. Hedgehog. But, I was surprised at what a little research can tell you and how it can make your books more authentic.

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The Magic of the Crystal Cave

Crystal Cave MagicThe Crystal Cave is a mysterious place in Diamond Falls, West Virginia. In Blue John’s Cavern, the cave is described as this:

“A huge cave entrance was standing against a rock cliff. The entrance was ten feet tall and over eight feet wide. The rock walls surrounding the cave were a weird mix of granites, gneisses, sandstones, shale, and basalt that were twisted like rigatoni. This odd combination didn’t usually occur in nature. These rocks represented sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous classes. Caves were often made of sedimentary limestone rocks that were super high in calcite content, which easily dissolved into massive open areas. Something was obviously weird about this cave, thought Brody.

The rock wall seemed to come out of a mountain, hidden so deep in the forest that no one could see it from the surrounding area. The vine mat hid the cave entrance completely, and unless you knew the exact spot to get around the mat, you would walk directly by and never know it existed. The entrance to the cave was not dull like most caves Brody had seen in pictures. A mass of large, medium, and small perfectly formed, clear quartz crystal points outlined the immediate opening to the cave like a diamond band. Inside, long stalagmites and stalactites joined the floor and ceiling of the cave. The remaining interior wall space was decorated with massive crystal shapes, some taller than the kids.”

Brody thought that standing inside the cave felt like standing inside a huge, weird geode. The outside of the cave is made of a twisted mixture of sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks, something that you would never normally find in nature. Is that where the magic comes from? Maybe so. Maybe not.

Mrs. M gave Emma two quartz crystals to activate the cave. One worked inside the cave wall and the other worked on Aspen’s collar. Maybe the quartz crystals are the secret to the cave. One thing is for sure, the cave has many more powers than Emma and Brody know about now. Keep reading the Crystal Cave Adventures to learn more about this fantastic and magical cave!

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